When the spanish founded colonial latin america, the cultures socially, physically, and politically united to form a new society the spanish, indians, and african slaves attempted to embed their homeland's culture into this new society. In both spanish and portuguese colonies of latin america the preaching orders of the roman catholic church - franciscans, dominicans and above all the jesuits - play a prominent role the voyages of conquest have from the start proclaimed one of their main purposes to be the conversion of heathens to christianity. In 1898, the united states achieved victory in the spanish-american war with spain, ending the spanish colonial era spanish possession and rule of its remaining colonies in the americas ended in that year with its sovereignty transferred to the united states. Mirroring the social structures of its spanish and portuguese conquerors, colonial latin america allowed only creoles to hold important government positions.
The spanish crown reluctantly approved the granting of encomiendas because it needed to reward the conquistadors and establish a system of governance in the newly-conquered territories, and the encomiendas were a quick-fix that killed both birds with one stone. Colonial society was hierarchical, based upon on the amount of non-spanish blood a person possessed a complicated system, called the casta , delineated over 100 separate names for groups containing certain levels of native american and african blood. A spanish colonial home is characteristically one with its environment, says lisa stacholy, of lks architects in atlanta, ga the casual dwellings boast thick stuccoed walls, red tile roofs and enclosed courtyards that extend one's living space this style dates back to the tail end of the.
Colonial latin america: a documentary history is a revision of sr books' popular colonial spanish america the new edition welcomes a third co-editor and, most significantly, embraces portuguese and brazilian materials. History of latin america, history of the region from the pre-columbian period and including colonization by the spanish and portuguese beginning in the 15th century, the 19th-century wars of independence, and developments to the end of the 20th century. Spanish colonial missions in north america are significant because so many were established and they had lasting effects on the cultural landscape their legacy is firmly a part of our national story and patrimony, and it highlights the common heritage the united states shares with spain, mexico and latin america.
The three centuries that marked iberian control of latin america were characterized by more than the rule of outsiders rather, colonization was a social, cultural, and psychological process whose outcomes were shaped by the adaptations of the colonized as much as by the efforts of the colonizers. In the first part of my lecture series on european colonization of the americas, i take a look at the spanish colonists, their goals, and their relationship with the indians that they encountered. The spanish-american war was an 1898 conflict between the united states and spain that ended spanish colonial rule in the americas and resulted in us acquisition of territories in the western. The spanish conquest of latin america brought many important changes to latin american society spain sent royal governors or viceroys to rule the colonies in the king's name gold and silver from the americas were shipped to spain, making it the strongest power in europe in the 16th century.
In colonial spanish america, a person authorized by the crown to explore, conquer, and hold new territory he pushed back the frontier and extended spanish claims and control of the new world. The catholic church was undoubtedly the single most important institution in colonial latin america everyone who lived in the region was nominally a member of the church the church controlled all aspects of life from birth, through marriage, until death. Latin america has seen wars, dictators, famines, economic booms, foreign interventions and a whole assortment of varied calamities over the years each and every period of its history is crucial in some way to understanding the present-day character of the land even so, the colonial period (1492. Encomienda, in colonial spanish america, legal system by which the spanish crown attempted to define the status of the indian population in its american coloniesit was based upon the practice of exacting tribute from muslims and jews during the reconquista (reconquest) of muslim spain.
During the spanish colonial period, the economy was based on exploitation, both of land and of native american labor the first spanish settlers organized the encomienda system by which spaniards were given title to american land and ownership of the villages on that land in return for promises to. In 1990, the stapleton foundation of latin american colonial art gifted its extensive collection of colonial art from northern south america acquired between 1895 and 1914 by daniel c stapleton, the collection's donation was made possible by the renchard family of washington, dc. Start studying ch 19 latin america learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools.
Latin america is a group of countries and dependencies in the western hemisphere where romance languages such as spanish, french and portuguese are predominantly spoken it is broader than the terms ibero-america or hispanic america. Course description: this class seeks to explore a wide range of perspectives on the colonial period in latin america this includes encounters of the spanish and the portuguese (as well as the dutch) with indigenous populations in mexico and south america. New spain, viceroyalty of new spain refers to spanish possessions in the new world during the colonial period at its height new spain included what are today the southwestern united states, all of mexico, central america to the isthmus of panama, florida, much of the west indies (islands in the caribbean), as well as the philippines in the pacific ocean.
Las castas - painting containing complete set of 16 casta combinations an 18th century socio-racial classification system used in the spanish american colonies the european conquest of latin america beginning in the late 15th century, was initially executed by male soldiers and sailors from the iberian peninsula (spain and portugal. The bourbon reforms in the spanish atlantic world colonial latin america edited by leslie bethell, 389-439 in spanish america, lynch presents the bourbon. The spanish colonial style of architecture dominated in the early spanish colonies of north and south america, and were also somewhat visible in its other colonies it is sometimes marked by the contrast between the simple, solid construction demanded by the new environment and the baroque ornamentation exported from spain.